SPIELBERG, STEVEN (1946– ), film director, writer, producer. Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Spielberg began his career early in his youth, directing home movies. At age 13 he entered and won his first contest with a 40-minute war film. While attending California State College, he directed five films and made his professional debut with a 24-minute short, Amblin, which was shown at the 1969 Atlanta Film Festival. Its success led to a contract with Universal Studios that soon found Spielberg directing movies for television such as Duel (1971) and Something Evil (1972). His debut as a feature film director was Sugarland Express (1974). Spielberg followed this with a series of some of the most successful motion pictures in cinema history, including Jaws (1975), Close Encounters of the Third Kind (Oscar nomination for Best Director, 1977), Raiders of the Lost Ark (Oscar nomination for Best Director, 1981), E.T. (Oscar nominations for Best Director and Best Picture, 1982), Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984), Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989), Always (1989), and Jurassic Park (1993). Spielberg also attempted more serious cinematic fare with The Color Purple (Oscar nomination for Best Picture, 1985) and Empire of the Sun (1987), but neither of these films prepared the movie-going public for Schindler's List (1993), a brilliant and devastating portrait of oskar schindler , an Austrian industrialist who saved more than 1,000 Polish Jews during the Holocaust. Schindler's List won the 1993 Academy Award for Best Picture as well as delivered an Oscar to Spielberg for Best Director. In 1990 the Academy of the Motion Pictures, Arts and Sciences presented Spielberg with the Irving Thalberg Memorial Award for his ongoing contribution to the Excellence of Cinema. Spielberg's subsequent directorial efforts include Amistad (1997), Saving Private Ryan (Oscar winner for Best Director and nomination for Best Picture, 1998), The Unfinished Journey (1999), Artificial Intelligence: AI (2001), Minority Report (2002), Catch Me If You Can (2002), The Terminal (2004), and War of the Worlds (2005). Spielberg, who also wears a producer's hat, has released more than 100 films and television features since 1978. In 1995 he co-founded the production company Dream Works SKG with Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen. In addition to producing many of the films he directed, Spielberg was the producer of such films as I Wanna Hold Your Hand (1978), Continental Divide (1981), Poltergeist (1982), Twilight Zone: The Movie (1983), Gremlins (1984), Back to the Future (1985), The Money Pit (1986), Who Framed Roger Rabbit? (1988), The Flintstones (1994), Men in Black (1997), The Mask of Zorro (1998), the TV series Band of Brothers (Emmy Award for Outstanding Mini-series 2001) and Taken (Emmy for Outstanding Mini-series, 2002), and Memoirs of a Geisha (2005). Spielberg was married to actress amy irving from 1985 to 1989. Since 1991 he has been married to actress Kate Capshaw. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: F. Sanello, Spielberg: The Man, the Movies, the Mythology (1996); J. McBride, Steven Spielberg: A Biography (1997); S. Rubin, Steven Spielberg: Crazy for Movies (2001); I. Freer et al., The Complete Spielberg (2001). (Jonathan Licht / Ruth Beloff (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Spielberg, Steven — (1947– )    Spielberg was born in Cincinnati in 1947, but was raised in Arizona. He began making short films as a teenager in Phoenix, Arizona, and he made five student films while he was earning a degree in English at California State College.… …   The Encyclopedia of Stanley Kubrick

  • Spielberg, Steven — born Dec. 18, 1947, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. U.S. film director and producer. He attracted the attention of Universal Pictures with a short film he made about the time of his graduation from California State College, Long Beach (1970). As a… …   Universalium

  • Spielberg, Steven — (b. 1947)    American film director. Spielberg was born in Cincinnati, Ohio and educated at California State College. His films have been hugely successful and include the block busting Jaws (1975), Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977),… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Spielberg, Steven — • СПИ ЛБЕРГ (Spielberg) Стивен (р. 18.12.1947)    амер. режиссёр. Учился в Калифорнийском ун те. В 1971 на ТВ пост. первый п/м ф. Дуэль в жанре совр. притчи. Огромный грузовик, преследующий на шоссе легковую машину, превращался в обобщённый образ …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Spielberg,Steven — Spiel·berg (spēlʹbûrg ), Steven. Born 1946. American film director whose works include Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) and Schindler s List (1993), for which he won an Academy Award. * * * …   Universalium

  • Spielberg, Steven —    см. Спилберг, Стивен …   Режиссерская энциклопедия. Кино США

  • Spielberg, Steven — (b. 1947)    American film director. Born in Cincinnati, he studied at California State College. His films include Jaws, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Raiders of the Lost Ark, E.T., Indiana Jones, Empire of the Sun, Hook, Jurassic Park and… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Spielberg, Steven — ► (n. 1947) Director de cine estadounidense. Películas: Tiburón (1975), Encuentros en la tercera fase (1977), En busca del Arca Perdida (1981), E.T. (1982), Indiana Jones y el templo maldito (1984), El imperio del Sol (1987), Indiana Jones y la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Spielberg, Steven —  (1946–) American film director and producer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Spielberg — Spielberg, Steven …   Enciclopedia Universal

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